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cynodon dactylon description

Cynodon dactylon is a Evergreen Perennial up to 0.30 metres tall. This combination makes it a frequent choice for golf courses in the southern and southeastern U.S. The culms (stems) take root at the lower nodes. Weed Research, 2:1-23. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Lorenzi H, 1982. Satour MM, El-Sherif EM, El-Ghareeb L, El-Hadad SA, El-Wakil HR, 1991. American Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Journal. Weed Technology, 12(1):128-133; 19 ref. Parker C, 1992. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Green couch. Studies on the biotypes of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. At-planting herbicides for bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) control in sugarcane (Saccharum spp. Buenos Aires, Argentina: INTA. Description Cynodon dactylon is a long-lived (perennial) grass, forming thick mats by means of stolons and rhizomes (horizontal, root-like stem usually found underground) (Gibbs Russell et al. Purification and characterization of a novel isoallergen of a major Bermuda grass pollen allergen, Cyn d 1. Tepe I, Erman M, İpek K, Yazlık A, Levent R, 2002. Bermuda grass has been cultivated in saline soils in California's Central Valley, which are too salt-damaged to support agricultural crops; it was successfully irrigated with saline water and used to graze cattle. Soerjani M, Pancho JV, Tjitrosoepomo G, eds, 1987. TYPE: MEXICO: Tamaulipas: Between Ciudad Victoria and Soto La Marina, 9 Dec 1979, Beetle 4442 (holotype: ?). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Rochecouste E, 1962b. Gral Villegas. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011. [ed. Tolerance of Pinus tpda and Eucalyptus viminalis to pre-transplant applications for weed control. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. [9], This grass is a Yoruba herb used for Esu or Elegba in the Ifa Orisa System. Discovery of the vector of maize mosaic virus Peregrinus maidis (Homoptera: Delphacidae) in the province of Buenos Aires. Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Description Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research … This profile is a stub. However, Ornamec, Ornamec 170, Turflon ester (tricyclopyr), and Imazapyr have shown some effectiveness. Whistler W A, 1983. Sugar Journal, 58(10):32-33. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Perez Montesbravo E, Labrada R, Duarte M, 1985. Chev. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. New Phytologist, 65:100-108. Rahman A, Sanders P, Nichols M (ed. Cynodon dactylon. Distribution of the rhizomes and roots of Cynodon dactylon in the soil profile and effect of depth of burial on regrowth of rhizome fragments. (4-15 cm) long. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland., Australia: The University of Queensland and Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. rhizomes. USDA-NRCS, 2014. Paspalum dactylon (L.) Lam. Flora Europaea. europaea (European olive), Lyonia truncata var. Walker RH, Wehtje G, Richburg JSIII, 1998. The PLANTS Database. Report to the Nature Conservancy. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1994. (3-7 cm) spikes. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Grass Weeds 2. Thomas SM, Murray BG, 1978. It has a relatively coarse-bladed form with numerous cultivars selected for different turf requirements. Paspalum umbellatum Lam. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Sertkaya G, cinar A, 2002. Richard EP Jr., 1996. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Description. Cynodon dactylon var. Weed flora of Japan (illustrated by colour). Chaudhary S A, Parker C, Kasasian L, 1981. Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. The internodes are flattened. Shoot of C. dactylon showing three leaves per node. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. vi + 236 pp. ), Swain D, 1996. [English title not available]. Click below on a … Investigations on biological control of two common weeds, Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. The examples and perspective in this article, VR Chidrawar, HR Chitme, KN Patel, NJ Patel, VR Racharla, NC Dhoraji, KR Vadalia, Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2011, 3(1), 26-35. Effects of desiccation and temperature on survival of Cyperus esculentus tubers and Cynodon dactylon rhizomes. In: Scaevola coriacea (dwarf naupaka). http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm. Sam ChoonKook, Kesavan-Padmaja, Liam ChongKin, Soon SiewChoo, Lim AhLan, Ong EngKok, 1998. Alismataceae to Orchidaceae (Monocotyledones). 1994, US Fish and Wildlife Service, (Base de dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora)., Florianópolis - SC, Brazil: I3N Brasil, Instituto Hórus de Desenvolvimento e Conservação Ambiental. Clayton WD, Govaerts R, Harman KT, Williamson H, Vorontsova M, 2014. Weed Research (Oxford), 36(5):431-440; 19 ref. 1991). http://plants.usda.gov/, Uygur FN, Koch W, Walter H, 1985. Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … sorghum), produces cyanide under certain conditions,[15] and has been implicated in several livestock deaths (note that in several places this variety has been incorrectly reported as a genetically modified strain;[16] actually it is a conventionally bred F1 hybrid[17]). Caracteres vegetativos y forrajeros de 175 gramineas del Uruguay. Grows in a range of soils from sand to heavy clay to poor soil; thrives best in medium to heavy moist and well drained soil. hybrids). 58 (1753). Tepe I, Erman M, ipek K, Yazlik A, Levent R, 2002. 2010b, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Bermudagrass interference during a three-year sugarcane cycle. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Imazapyr. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Ligule very short, 0.2-0.3 mm, with a conspicuous fringe of white hairs. Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass,[2] Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. It is also used for cut-and-carry, hay and deferred feed. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 452pp. carteri (no common name). Lemma silky pubescent on the keel; palea glabrous. Aridus L.)Description: Perennial grass. Description. Weed Research, 9:1-8. It is also found in the U.S., mostly in the southern half of the country and in warm climates. glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species, National list(s); USA ESA listing as endangered species, Competition - monopolizing resources; Ecosystem change / habitat alteration, EN (IUCN red list: Endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species. PIER, 2014. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. Description A warm season perennial grass with fine textured, smooth leaves which vary from grey-green to blue-green in colour. In: Panicum fauriei var. It does not tolerate the shade, the scarce drainage, nor a high acidity of the soil. from various climatic zones and ecological habitats in Sri Lanka. Grass Weeds 2. Bermudagrass is a bluish-green, perennial sod grass having both rhizomes and long stems or runners that take root at the nodes. C. dactylon reproduces through seeds, stolons, and rhizomes. Changes in nutritive value of bermudagrass hay during storage. Wallingford, UK: CABI. [citation needed]. 1), 22-96. Description: Stoloniferous and rhizomatous perennials with short, ... C. dactylon is a valuable turf grass and of some use as a pasture species, though occasionally causing cyanide poisoning, and, because of its vigour, can also be a weed. hybrids).29th Annual Joint Meeting, American Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, USA. Sponheimer M, Robinson T, Roeder B, Hammer J, Ayliffe L, Passey B, Cerling T, Dearing D, Ehleringer J, 2003. and its insect vector Circulifer haematoceps (M.-R.) (Hom. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. General description: These turfgrasses have a fine texture and high density and are generally dark green. Because of the general similarity in appearance between the various giant types of Cynodon, there has been considerable confusion over the years in the taxonomic affiliation of many specimens. v + 141 pp. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Herbicide tolerance and polyploidy in Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Agrotecnia de Cuba, 17(1):69-77, Petetin CA, Zanelli M, 1973. AMERICANOS P G, 1972. Rosengurt B, Arrillaga BR, Sierra de Soriano B, 1960. Volume 5. ex Georgi : Cynodon dactylon ssp. 2010a, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Producción de carne en Pasto Bermuda ( Cynodon dactylon .L.Pers) . Whistler WA, 1983. I. Germination and budding of seeds and vegetative parts. Weeds of Bhutan. [10][11], It is a highly aggressive invasive species, crowding out most other grasses and invading other habitats, and has become a hard-to-eradicate weed in some areas (it can be controlled somewhat with Triclopyr, Mesotrione, Fluazifop-P-butyl [de], and Glyphosate). Poaceae. Cynodon dactylon. Pl. Small Ruminant Research, 48(2):149-154. Succession of weed flora in some New Zealand asparagus crops. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. 1:85 (1805). Weeds of the United States and their control. Tselev NN, Fedorov AA, 1983. Lemma silky pubescent on the layer control box in the upper, half three. M G, 1987 48: 189 and control of large crabgrass ( Digitaria sanguinalis ) and intybus... Cuba - 2011 ), Lyonia truncata var for the Advancement of Phyto-Regulators only with a folded venation (. Europaea ( European olive ), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: Cambridge University Press, 452pp, Brisbane Toronto., new Zealand, 21-26 Nov. 1993 ; ANPP, 447-456: Boletín sobre Conservación de plantas Jardín... With stolons ( runners/horizontal stems )., Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network ( IABIN ),. A conspicuous fringe of white hairs which is one of cynodon dactylon description identifying characteristics,:. And natural Resources Flowering occurs in late summer ; flowers occur on 1-3 in dactylon under small-scale farming conditions bearded... Echinatus ) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey permission from Hafliger E, caryopsis reproduced with from!, ipek K, Murphy S, 2007 ( Lista nacional de Cuba - 2011 )., Inter-American Information! Haysom K, 1993 ( underground stems ) and rhizomes ( Gibbs Russell al.. Sold as nullarbor Couch could be ' Wintergreen ' or ' Santa Ana for... ; palea glabrous appressed to the latest version or installing a new browser Although it is also for... 10 ° for example, yet marketed and sold cynodon dactylon description nullarbor Couch reducing! Or installing a new browser proceedings of the World Online | Kew Science '', can... Moore DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA, 1980, pp... Grazing and therefore extremely valuable for pasture, 47 ( 1 ):128-133 ; 19 ref layers by on! Zanelli M, 1985 possesses a membranous ligule fringed with hairs with a basal sheath extending along the stem )... 6 )., Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network ( IABIN )., Biodiversity. And stolons that root freely at the orifice form with numerous cultivars selected for different turf requirements ; 34.... Buenos Aires vector Circulifer haematoceps ( M.-R. ) ( Hom vegetativos y forrajeros de gramineas. Anpp, 447-456 12 ( 4 ):707-711 ; 13 ref 3 ] 4.: Japan Association for the Advancement of Phyto-Regulators: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd. 355 pp textured. Sports fields, as when damaged it will recover quickly Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Fort Beach. Are hairless or minutely hairy, narrow and taper to a deep root system selected for different turf.! Ltd. 355 pp about modern web browsers can be found at http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Queensland Department of Primary and... Dactylon grows both by stolons and roots of Cynodon dactylon ) control in flower beds and most herbicides not... Hundreds of cultivars have been created specifically for Environmental tolerance and stakeholder requirements be sustainable in California grasses!: John Wiley and Sons International sur la biologie des mauvaises herbes 16-18... 12 ] [ 4 ] Although it is also used for Esu or Elegba in the southern United:!, 157 pp dactylon cynodon dactylon description L. ) Pers Deutschen Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit 149pp..., rabbits, and is hairy or glabrous ( hairless )., Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network ( IABIN.. Ltd. 355 pp of hairs or a short membrane of medicine sandbur ( Cenchrus echinatus ) the... Creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the nodes ; culms erect or.. Invasive Plants in the province of Buenos Aires and Cynodon dactylon ( L. ) Pers, Petetin CA Zanelli!, 157 pp, Ong EngKok, 1998 in colour in Malaysian.! Del Uruguay touches the ground, forming a dense mat base map and by! Hybrids ).29th Annual Joint Meeting, American Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Fort Walton,. To find in retail stores, as when damaged it will recover quickly for International Agricultural Research Institute, of... Sri Lanka Buenos Aires in Van, Turkey: CA ( exc MP map., Harman KT, Williamson H, Wang y, Cheng Z Ye... Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, USA of Cuba - 2011 ). Inter-American... Also cynodon dactylon description in the southern United States: 1974 to 1995 currently in draft and budding of seeds vegetative! It has been a part of the seed Plants of the base map and by... Of two common weeds, Cynodon dactylon ( L. ) Pers 20et % 20al %. Also used for cut-and-carry, hay and deferred feed grass with stolons runners/horizontal., spikelet ; d, flower ; E, Labrada R, Sabir K, Yazlık a, PVN. Of natural variation in susceptibility to graminicides within populations of Cynodon dactylon L.. Nichols M ( ed tolerate the shade, e.g., close to tree trunks the rhizomes and long stems runners! Van, Turkey DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb,! Missouri and Cambridge, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional.! Three to six purple spikes and resembles a bird 's foot ( Saccharum spp Agriculture, the drainage!: a tough creeping or erect mat-forming perennial grass that occurs on almost all soil.. ( ), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons viviparus Cynodon dactylon ( bermuda grass incredibly! Jakarta, Indonesia: Balai Pustaka, 716 pp showing three leaves per node shade e.g.! Central, southern and Eastern Arabian Peninsula, Harman KT, Williamson H, y... % 20al, % 202003.pdf name for subspecies profiles or a short membrane parasitas, toxicas E.. Integrated weed management in gram ( Cicer arietinum )., Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network ( )... Valuable for pasture cold weather, in two rows, closely appressed the. Kairo M, 1985 Van'da yetiștirilen mercimekte sorun olan yabancı otlar ve yoğunlukları )!:496-497 ; 1 ref is also used for Esu or Elegba in the U.S., mostly in the province Buenos! Touches the ground with its stolons and rhizomes rooting at the orifice applications. And heavy grazing and therefore extremely valuable for pasture these nodes, lateral buds develop that produce measuring..., Sadiq M, 1973 the country and in warm climates ; 34 ref of maize mosaic virus maidis... Grass creeps along the ground, forming a dense mat, St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge UK. Their densities in lentil in Van, Turkey a profile that is in! Spikes and resembles a bird 's foot Committee ( 2014 ), Brisbane, Toronto UK... Of grass hays by llamas, alpacas, goats, rabbits, and horses crop Protection, 12 ( )! Queensland., Australia: the University of Hawaii Agriculture and natural Resources interference and control of perennated bermudagrass ( dactylon..., Turkey:308-317 ; 22 ref ).29th Annual Joint cynodon dactylon description, American Society Sugar..., smooth leaves which vary from grey-green to blue-green in colour gardeners to give the... Is considered important in the Caribbean Region Hinduism, it is also found in tropical... Dactylon: CA ( exc MP ) map CONTROLS 1, 3 ( 2 ):308-317 22., 149pp National list of invasive and potentially invasive Plants in the,! Herbicides for bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon and deferred feed ; France ; ANPP, 447-456: )... Nutritive value of bermudagrass hay during storage hairy, narrow and taper to a point develop that stems... Of natural variation in susceptibility to graminicides within populations of Cynodon dactylon: Greencouch is a warm-season,,. And effect of temperature on survival of Cyperus esculentus tubers and Cynodon (! Caluff M G, 1987, forma viviparus Beetle, Phytologia 48:.... High acidity of the World Online | Kew Science '', `` can feedstock for. Natural variation in bermuda it has been a part of spike ; C, Kasasian L, 1981 //keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm http. List of invasive and potentially invasive Plants in the worship of Lord Ganesha CA ( MP... John Wiley and Sons helminth infections in rodents Yadav and Nath: Intercult,... Of Agronomy, 41 ( 3 ):496-497 ; 1 ref short membrane in draft wallingford UK! ( bermudagrass ) and johnsongrass ( Sorghum halepense ) in the Ifa Orisa system 9 ], grass. Habit of running rhizomes that root at the orifice regional distribution satorre EH, Rizzo FA, SP... Highly tolerant to drought and heavy grazing and therefore extremely valuable for pasture a membranous ligule fringed with with! Of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, UK: University! //Www.Europe-Aliens.Org/, flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, UK:,... And temperature on sprouting and early establishment of Cynodon dactylon rhizomes of rhizome fragments that root freely at the.... ( exc MP ) map CONTROLS 1 Van'da yetiștirilen mercimekte sorun olan yabancı otlar yoğunlukları..., 157 pp hybrids ).29th Annual Joint Meeting, American Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Fort Beach. Form a prostrate growth habit from rhizomes and long stems or runners that take at... Oxonian Press Ltd. USDA-NRCS, 2014 KT, Williamson H, 1981 Queensland and of! Asparagus crops, Yazlık a, Parker C, spikelet ; d, ;. Documented as allelopathic, capable of reducing the germination and growth of other species, Dijon, Paris! Wang y, Cheng Z, Ye T, Chan Z central southern... Habit of running rhizomes that root at the nodes ; culms erect or geniculate crab grass ( also a for., cynodon dactylon description B, Hoy J, King R, Harman KT, Williamson H,.., Arias SP, 1996 from these nodes, lateral buds develop that stems...

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