˳��"�y&>2S2dReZ�L��xg�PxI�Re�(l�y�)T��^yUd*�3��y�M���ta|�uf�͌ (}f�C�"3��Kf�[|���/���D�3��}ȬEg6Ϭ���20Ok2[z�����J�/2'�B,�I��PU��3���ۢZ`�:/3L ���˜�2��ͼ���Ǹ�Jȉw`�}�Y�?�,���lEXz����Bj�(�o!�B� T�9�[�?|V��@{_� � Hj�$v(�[w4�v2Q@�2Ȱ��#�|��a�RR'Rc�c/*��50G҆�Z����Q�Y�Q,�Q��9zFS�Q�$�H�4�8`�$��$ << Putsimply, it is concerned with public justification, i.e., “ofdetermining whether or not a given regime is legitimate an… Although Rousseau debated on the title of his 1762 treatise, he settled on The Social Contract as he believed it a necessity to tackle the inadequacies of other contract thinkers. In his work, he attempted to create a confluence of two very French ideals: an absolute sovereign and a popular constitutional republic. A comprehensive and authoritative anthology of Rousseau's major later political writings in up-to-date English translations. Legitimate political authority, he suggests, comes only from a social contract agreed upon by all citizens for their mutual preservation. Academic year. X��V�r�F��+��EJ��x�Q�[qY��Jr�KBB�Z�ߧ{fA��d�R����;=3=�C�=�t�=��գ�DZq�^����EUf&��n��2�+3���*L}7 The idea of the social contract goes back at least to Epicurus (Thrasher 2013). A legitimate social contract is one that voices the general for the common good. This is the basis for Rousseau’s advice in The Social Contract that “as for wealth, no citizen should be so rich that he can buy another, and none so poor that he is compelled to sell himself” (SC, II.11.ii). PDF | This paper provides a small summary of Social Contract Theory by Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. 'Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains.' 783 0 obj <>stream Rousseau thus seeks the basis for a legitimate, political authority in which people must give up their natural liberty. Rousseau’s writings inspired liberals and non-liberals alike which makes him rather controversial in the history of political thought. The Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau 22. %PDF-1.2 In Book II of The Social Contract, Rousseau turns specifically to the nature of a national community’s sovereignty over itself. Free download or read online The Social Contract pdf (ePUB) book. Retrouvez The Social Contract et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. The Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau Glossary agreement: The item that Rousseau calls a convention is an event, whereas what we call ‘conventions’ (setting aside the irrelevant ‘convention’ = ‘professional get-together’) are not events but enduring states of affairs like the conventions governing the meanings of words, the standards of politeness, etc. The main characters of this politics, classics story are,. /Length 1228 %PDF-1.6 %���� Because these chains are not found in the state of nature, they must be constructions of convention. PAR J.-J. PDF | This paper provides a small summary of Social Contract Theory by Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 1712-1778; Cole, G. D ... A discourse on political economy -- The general society of the human race -- The social contract Access-restricted-item true Addeddate 2012-04-03 17:42:32 Boxid IA114001 Camera Canon EOS 5D ... 14 day loan required to access EPUB and PDF files. d.��s�?�N��!�>�L��D�܎>�"TQ�a¥��x�����5.�Ɖ����G����ng4� \�EY endstream endobj 784 0 obj <>stream 8��@"9�A�� E���W�@L���(�Ii8��$�3dQ>Q^�?W���t�t�K�=�v�4/����p�������*^�>:Mz���yy^TN~Y9.+�Y9��ʯ�L��a�o��hJىa6�2X;qs�S�?���R��9 ��&���]�#�U'l���znf�p�綈�ݖ�ٻJ�U��&� V�1:�l]�[LXc� MMXǙa˥��i�9*�a�({��#}|F� �V�|�RQ�^뙁C��V��oIԃ׵�+�5�YN��S�V�Ы�T�������wX�G=iM��Mm�?O볁��'�"�:l��p`�Mh�@��!MNc�MNc�K4Fa�F�Zo�b~��xc �q?�Y��\S "�"����DA. In the early Platonic dialogue, Crito, Socrates makes a compelling argument as to why he must stay in prison and accept the death penalty, rather than escape and go into exile in another Greek city. A Treatise on the Social Compact, Or, The Principles of Political Law Eighteenth century collections online Volume 3, Issue 1 of Political classics Political classics. In The Social Contract, the influential 18th-century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau addresses two interrelated questions that play a core role in social philosophy: how can people remain free while living under the authority of a state, and what makes such a state’s power valid (or legitimate)?In Book I of The Social Contract, Rousseau answers both of these questions by … The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 168 pages and is available in Paperback format. the common good, must be done by the general will. DU CONTRAT SOCIAL OU PRINCIPES DU DROIT POLITIQUE . The Sovereign 8. In its recognizably modern form, however, the idea is revived by Thomas Hobbes; it was developed in different ways by John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant. 1762 . Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read The Social Contract. The right of the strongest •voluntarily, and the family itself is then maintained only by agreement. This means that anyone who lives in society has, by definition, agreed to it. Since Rousseau’s description of the state of nature is different from that of his predecessors, it is University. Jean-Jacques Rousseau; Donald A. Cress. 2011/2012 Jean Jacques Rousseau was a French philosopher who gave a new interpretation to thetheory of Social Contract in his work “The Social Contract ” and “ Emile”. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Rousseau begins The Social Contract with the notable phrase "Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains." Rousseau's suggested answer is that legitimate political authority rests on a covenant (a "social contract") forged between the members of society. Du contrat social J.-J. Ci-dessous un extrait traitant le sujet : Commentaire du texte de Rousseau: chapitre II du livre 1 du Contrat social Ce document contient 1101 mots soit 2 pages.Pour le télécharger en entier, envoyez-nous un de vos documents grâce à notre système d’échange gratuit de ressources numériques ou achetez-le pour la modique somme d’un euro symbolique. The Social Compact 7. Rousseau begins the formal body of The Social Contract with what is now one of the most famous lines in philosophical literature: "Man is born free; and everywhere, he is in chains." III: Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Publisher: D.I. The first edition of the novel was published in 1762, and was written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. He personifies the Laws of Athens, and, speaking in their voice, explains that he has acquired an overwhelming obligation to obey the Laws because they have made his entire way of life, and even the fact of his very existence, possible. Rousseau. Rousseau railed against previous It discusses what is the social contract theory and... | … Dans le pacte social, chacun renonce à sa liberté naturelle pour gagner une liberté civile. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. My Purpose is twofold: first, to interpret Rousseau's The Social Contract in terms of a serious interpretation of the Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality and second, to use as the principal interpretative concept for both, the concept of independence. In the Social Contract, Jean-Jacques Rousseau attempts to reconcile freedom with authority through his infamous theory of the general will. [>&Pv�)�f�t�҂��q�8��)5�'-|��`F)���c�_i�Rg|l�!�S����>0�V¶�4��"Ij$�m%k��%�@�����|��&T����H D�in�������x�`+a���,�ѸO���� Ҏ�on�j(N2���4�cޔ��)������XS�P.�~z�$�!��] With an Introduction by Derek Matravers. Rousseau divisée en troupeaux de bétail, dont chacun a son chef, qui le garde pour le dévorer. While Rousseau's social contract is based on popular sovereignty and not on individual sovereignty, there are other theories espoused by individualists, libertarians, and anarchists that do not involve agreeing to anything more than negative rights and creates only a limited state, if any. This review discusses Rousseau's concepts of social contract and general will in his work "The Social Contract" and contrasts those views with the constitutional principles of representation and individual rights found in the United The aim of a social contract theory is to show that members of somesociety have reason to endorse and comply with the fundamental socialrules, laws, institutions, and/or principles of that society. �]���K�m�4Wר��f�&^��P�B�ɾ�� �\���� Tƞ��]6�x�M6��G��9AfS"�z�㲂�ޅt�ˡ�נ�9�. Introductory Philosophy: Social and Political Issues FW (Phil1010) Book title On the Social Contract; Author. London 1973. Jean-Jacques Rousseau stresses, like John Locke, the idea of a social contract as the basis of society. The Social Contract Summary. The first edition of the novel was published in 1762, and was written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. [187] faederis aequas Dicamus leges Jean-Jacques Rousseau, DU CONTRAT SOCIAL, OU PRINCIPES DU DROIT POLITIQUE, in Collection complète des oeuvres, Genève, 1780-1789, vol. %���� Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract (1762) Jean-Jacques Rousseau stresses, like John Locke, the idea of a social contract as the basis of society. This review discusses Rousseau's concepts of social contract and general will in his work "The Social Contract" and contrasts those views with the constitutional principles of representation and individual rights found in the United The main characters of this philosophy, education story are , . A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. 21 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau; The Social Contract & Discourses by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “The Social Contract” by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Social Contract Theory •Thomas Hobbes –“State of nature” –We implicitly accept a social contract •Establishment of moral rules to govern relations among citizens •Government capable of enforcing these rules •Jean-Jacques Rousseau –In ideal society, no one above rules –That prevents society from enacting bad rules Emerging nationalism was one of the primary forces in shaping change in Europe throughout the late 18th and into the 19th centuries, in no small part due to the enormous influence of Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Of the Social Contract, Or Principles of Virgil, Æneid xi. IN COLLECTIONS. According to him, social contract is not a historical fact but a hypothetical construction of reason. It discusses what is the social contract theory and... | … Social Contract Theory. This 1913 edition of Rousseau’s works includes the famous Social Contract as well as 3 discourses on Arts and Sciences, the Origin of Inequality, and Political Economy. The Social Contract 149 Rethinking The First and Second Discourses and The Social Contract Gita May: Rousseau, Cultural Critic 257 Robert N. Bellah: Rousseau on Society and the Individual 266 David Bromwich: Rousseau and the Self without Property 288 Conor Cruise O’Brien: Rousseau, Robespierre, Burke, Jefferson, and the French Revolution 301 [1] Rousseau argued that no one person was entitled to have natural authority over others. Authority through his infamous theory of Social Contract with the notable phrase `` man is free. Comes only from a Social Contract argued against the idea of the novel was published in multiple including... The novel was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 168 pages and is available Paperback. 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the social contract rousseau pdf

The Social Contract outlines Rousseau's views on political justice, explaining how a just and legitimate state is to be founded, organized and administered. Economic inequality becomes dangerous, in other words, when /Filter [/FlateDecode] Rousseau's object, then, in the first words of the Social Contract, "is to inquire if, in the civil order, there can be any sure and certain, rule of administration, taking men as they are and laws as they might be." The Social Contract - Ebook written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract, 1763 Jean-Jacques Rousseau stresses, like John Locke, the idea of a social contract as the basis of society. This volume includes the essay on Political Economy, The Social Contract, and the extensive, late Considerations on the Government of Poland, as well as the important draft on The Right of War and a selection of his letters on various aspects of his political thought. Course. Retrouvez The Social Contract et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion When Rousseau says that the social contract initially has no disagreement, what he means is that anyone who does not want to join society is free to leave and not agree to the social contract. Rousseau’s suggestion is that it is formed by a “social contract”: people living in a state of nature come together and agree to certain constraints in order that they might all benefit. Free download or read online Emile or On Education pdf (ePUB) book. Helpful Information for Reading Rousseau’s Social Contract Eric Watkins Humanities 4 UCSD Rousseau’s primary purpose in writing his Social Contract is to execute his positive project of showing how one could solve the problem of inequality described in his Discourse on Inequality. The Social Contract 149 Rethinking The First and Second Discourses and The Social Contract Gita May: Rousseau, Cultural Critic 257 Robert N. Bellah: Rousseau on Society and the Individual 266 David Bromwich: Rousseau and the Self without Property 288 Conor Cruise O’Brien: Rousseau, Robespierre, Burke, Jefferson, and the French Revolution 301 Sovereignty is indivisible BOOK 2 1. Rousseau’ s social contract is in that sense is not simply a historical event but also ideal, a hypothetical construction that would provide a solution to the issue of freedom. Jean-Jacques Rousseau . The Civil State 9. 1, in-4°, édition en ligne www.rousseauonline.ch, version du 7 octobre 2012. by Jean Jacques Rousseau THE SOCIAL CONTRACT OR PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL RIGHT 1762 Translated by G. D. H. Cole, public domain Foederis æquas Dicamus leges. Download Of The Social Contract and Other Political Writings Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. h��[ks�8��+�xoMeA�������q��ؙ����#Ӷ&��H�c���i�!�zP��[u?H�H4���@>˳��"�y&>2S2dReZ�L��xg�PxI�Re�(l�y�)T��^yUd*�3��y�M���ta|�uf�͌ (}f�C�"3��Kf�[|���/���D�3��}ȬEg6Ϭ���20Ok2[z�����J�/2'�B,�I��PU��3���ۢZ`�:/3L ���˜�2��ͼ���Ǹ�Jȉw`�}�Y�?�,���lEXz����Bj�(�o!�B� T�9�[�?|V��@{_� � Hj�$v(�[w4�v2Q@�2Ȱ��#�|��a�RR'Rc�c/*��50G҆�Z����Q�Y�Q,�Q��9zFS�Q�$�H�4�8`�$��$ << Putsimply, it is concerned with public justification, i.e., “ofdetermining whether or not a given regime is legitimate an… Although Rousseau debated on the title of his 1762 treatise, he settled on The Social Contract as he believed it a necessity to tackle the inadequacies of other contract thinkers. In his work, he attempted to create a confluence of two very French ideals: an absolute sovereign and a popular constitutional republic. A comprehensive and authoritative anthology of Rousseau's major later political writings in up-to-date English translations. Legitimate political authority, he suggests, comes only from a social contract agreed upon by all citizens for their mutual preservation. Academic year. X��V�r�F��+��EJ��x�Q�[qY��Jr�KBB�Z�ߧ{fA��d�R����;=3=�C�=�t�=��գ�DZq�^����EUf&��n��2�+3���*L}7 The idea of the social contract goes back at least to Epicurus (Thrasher 2013). A legitimate social contract is one that voices the general for the common good. This is the basis for Rousseau’s advice in The Social Contract that “as for wealth, no citizen should be so rich that he can buy another, and none so poor that he is compelled to sell himself” (SC, II.11.ii). PDF | This paper provides a small summary of Social Contract Theory by Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. 'Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains.' 783 0 obj <>stream Rousseau thus seeks the basis for a legitimate, political authority in which people must give up their natural liberty. Rousseau’s writings inspired liberals and non-liberals alike which makes him rather controversial in the history of political thought. The Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau 22. %PDF-1.2 In Book II of The Social Contract, Rousseau turns specifically to the nature of a national community’s sovereignty over itself. Free download or read online The Social Contract pdf (ePUB) book. Retrouvez The Social Contract et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. The Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau Glossary agreement: The item that Rousseau calls a convention is an event, whereas what we call ‘conventions’ (setting aside the irrelevant ‘convention’ = ‘professional get-together’) are not events but enduring states of affairs like the conventions governing the meanings of words, the standards of politeness, etc. The main characters of this politics, classics story are,. /Length 1228 %PDF-1.6 %���� Because these chains are not found in the state of nature, they must be constructions of convention. PAR J.-J. PDF | This paper provides a small summary of Social Contract Theory by Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 1712-1778; Cole, G. D ... A discourse on political economy -- The general society of the human race -- The social contract Access-restricted-item true Addeddate 2012-04-03 17:42:32 Boxid IA114001 Camera Canon EOS 5D ... 14 day loan required to access EPUB and PDF files. d.��s�?�N��!�>�L��D�܎>�"TQ�a¥��x�����5.�Ɖ����G����ng4� \�EY endstream endobj 784 0 obj <>stream 8��@"9�A�� E���W�@L���(�Ii8��$�3dQ>Q^�?W���t�t�K�=�v�4/����p�������*^�>:Mz���yy^TN~Y9.+�Y9��ʯ�L��a�o��hJىa6�2X;qs�S�?���R��9 ��&���]�#�U'l���znf�p�綈�ݖ�ٻJ�U��&� V�1:�l]�[LXc� MMXǙa˥��i�9*�a�({��#}|F� �V�|�RQ�^뙁C��V��oIԃ׵�+�5�YN��S�V�Ы�T�������wX�G=iM��Mm�?O볁��'�"�:l��p`�Mh�@��!MNc�MNc�K4Fa�F�Zo�b~��xc �q?�Y��\S "�"����DA. In the early Platonic dialogue, Crito, Socrates makes a compelling argument as to why he must stay in prison and accept the death penalty, rather than escape and go into exile in another Greek city. A Treatise on the Social Compact, Or, The Principles of Political Law Eighteenth century collections online Volume 3, Issue 1 of Political classics Political classics. In The Social Contract, the influential 18th-century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau addresses two interrelated questions that play a core role in social philosophy: how can people remain free while living under the authority of a state, and what makes such a state’s power valid (or legitimate)?In Book I of The Social Contract, Rousseau answers both of these questions by … The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 168 pages and is available in Paperback format. the common good, must be done by the general will. DU CONTRAT SOCIAL OU PRINCIPES DU DROIT POLITIQUE . The Sovereign 8. In its recognizably modern form, however, the idea is revived by Thomas Hobbes; it was developed in different ways by John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant. 1762 . Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read The Social Contract. The right of the strongest •voluntarily, and the family itself is then maintained only by agreement. This means that anyone who lives in society has, by definition, agreed to it. Since Rousseau’s description of the state of nature is different from that of his predecessors, it is University. Jean-Jacques Rousseau; Donald A. Cress. 2011/2012 Jean Jacques Rousseau was a French philosopher who gave a new interpretation to thetheory of Social Contract in his work “The Social Contract ” and “ Emile”. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Rousseau begins The Social Contract with the notable phrase "Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains." Rousseau's suggested answer is that legitimate political authority rests on a covenant (a "social contract") forged between the members of society. Du contrat social J.-J. Ci-dessous un extrait traitant le sujet : Commentaire du texte de Rousseau: chapitre II du livre 1 du Contrat social Ce document contient 1101 mots soit 2 pages.Pour le télécharger en entier, envoyez-nous un de vos documents grâce à notre système d’échange gratuit de ressources numériques ou achetez-le pour la modique somme d’un euro symbolique. The Social Compact 7. Rousseau begins the formal body of The Social Contract with what is now one of the most famous lines in philosophical literature: "Man is born free; and everywhere, he is in chains." III: Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Publisher: D.I. The first edition of the novel was published in 1762, and was written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. He personifies the Laws of Athens, and, speaking in their voice, explains that he has acquired an overwhelming obligation to obey the Laws because they have made his entire way of life, and even the fact of his very existence, possible. Rousseau. Rousseau railed against previous It discusses what is the social contract theory and... | … Dans le pacte social, chacun renonce à sa liberté naturelle pour gagner une liberté civile. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. My Purpose is twofold: first, to interpret Rousseau's The Social Contract in terms of a serious interpretation of the Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality and second, to use as the principal interpretative concept for both, the concept of independence. In the Social Contract, Jean-Jacques Rousseau attempts to reconcile freedom with authority through his infamous theory of the general will. [>&Pv�)�f�t�҂��q�8��)5�'-|��`F)���c�_i�Rg|l�!�S����>0�V¶�4��"Ij$�m%k��%�@�����|��&T����H D�in�������x�`+a���,�ѸO���� Ҏ�on�j(N2���4�cޔ��)������XS�P.�~z�$�!��] With an Introduction by Derek Matravers. Rousseau divisée en troupeaux de bétail, dont chacun a son chef, qui le garde pour le dévorer. While Rousseau's social contract is based on popular sovereignty and not on individual sovereignty, there are other theories espoused by individualists, libertarians, and anarchists that do not involve agreeing to anything more than negative rights and creates only a limited state, if any. This review discusses Rousseau's concepts of social contract and general will in his work "The Social Contract" and contrasts those views with the constitutional principles of representation and individual rights found in the United The aim of a social contract theory is to show that members of somesociety have reason to endorse and comply with the fundamental socialrules, laws, institutions, and/or principles of that society. �]���K�m�4Wר��f�&^��P�B�ɾ�� �\���� Tƞ��]6�x�M6��G��9AfS"�z�㲂�ޅt�ˡ�נ�9�. Introductory Philosophy: Social and Political Issues FW (Phil1010) Book title On the Social Contract; Author. London 1973. Jean-Jacques Rousseau stresses, like John Locke, the idea of a social contract as the basis of society. The Social Contract Summary. The first edition of the novel was published in 1762, and was written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. [187] faederis aequas Dicamus leges Jean-Jacques Rousseau, DU CONTRAT SOCIAL, OU PRINCIPES DU DROIT POLITIQUE, in Collection complète des oeuvres, Genève, 1780-1789, vol. %���� Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract (1762) Jean-Jacques Rousseau stresses, like John Locke, the idea of a social contract as the basis of society. This review discusses Rousseau's concepts of social contract and general will in his work "The Social Contract" and contrasts those views with the constitutional principles of representation and individual rights found in the United The main characters of this philosophy, education story are , . A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. 21 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau; The Social Contract & Discourses by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “The Social Contract” by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Social Contract Theory •Thomas Hobbes –“State of nature” –We implicitly accept a social contract •Establishment of moral rules to govern relations among citizens •Government capable of enforcing these rules •Jean-Jacques Rousseau –In ideal society, no one above rules –That prevents society from enacting bad rules Emerging nationalism was one of the primary forces in shaping change in Europe throughout the late 18th and into the 19th centuries, in no small part due to the enormous influence of Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Of the Social Contract, Or Principles of Virgil, Æneid xi. IN COLLECTIONS. According to him, social contract is not a historical fact but a hypothetical construction of reason. It discusses what is the social contract theory and... | … Social Contract Theory. This 1913 edition of Rousseau’s works includes the famous Social Contract as well as 3 discourses on Arts and Sciences, the Origin of Inequality, and Political Economy. The Social Contract 149 Rethinking The First and Second Discourses and The Social Contract Gita May: Rousseau, Cultural Critic 257 Robert N. Bellah: Rousseau on Society and the Individual 266 David Bromwich: Rousseau and the Self without Property 288 Conor Cruise O’Brien: Rousseau, Robespierre, Burke, Jefferson, and the French Revolution 301 [1] Rousseau argued that no one person was entitled to have natural authority over others. Authority through his infamous theory of Social Contract with the notable phrase `` man is free. Comes only from a Social Contract argued against the idea of the novel was published in multiple including... The novel was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 168 pages and is available Paperback. 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